Morphine (MOR feen)
Morphine (MOR feen) Definition
Kadian, MS Contin, MSIR, OMS, Oramorph SR, Rescudose, RMS, Roxanol, Roxanol 100, Roxanol-T
What is the most important information I should know about morphine?
• Do not stop taking morphine suddenly if you have been taking it continuously for more than 5 to 7 days. Stopping suddenly could cause withdrawal symptoms and make you very uncomfortable. Your doctor may want to gradually reduce your dose.
• Do not crush, chew, break, or open controlled-release forms of morphine such as Oramorph SR, Kadian, and MS Contin. Swallow them whole. They are specially formulated to release morphine slowly into your system. Breaking them would cause too much of the drug to be released into your blood at one time.
• Morphine will cause drowsiness and fatigue. Avoid alcohol, sleeping pills, antihistamines, sedatives, and tranquilizers that may also make you drowsy except under the supervision of your doctor.
• Morphine will also cause constipation. Drink plenty of water (six to eight full glasses a day) to lessen this side effect. Increasing the amount of fiber in your diet can also help to alleviate constipation.
• Never take more morphine than is prescribed for you. If your pain is not being adequately treated, talk to your doctor. As a parent or individual, if you suspect someone of using this substance you can get a definitive answer by using a simple, private urine drug testing kit. There are easy-to-use opiate/morphine urine drug testing products at https://www.homedrugtestingkit.com/zshop.
What is morphine?
Who should not take morphine?
Morphine is habit forming and should only be used under close supervision if you have an alcohol or drug addiction. Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you have
• You may not be able to take morphine, or you may require a lower dose or special monitoring during treatment if you have any of the conditions listed above.
• Morphine may cause addiction and withdrawal symptoms as well as other harmful effects in an unborn baby. Do not take morphine without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant.
• Morphine may also cause addiction and withdrawal symptoms in a nursing infant. Do not take morphine without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
• If you are younger than 18 years of age or older than 60 years of age, you may be more likely to experience side effects from morphine therapy. Use extra caution.
How should I take morphine?
• Take morphine exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.
• Take each dose with a full glass of water.
• Take morphine with food or milk if it upsets your stomach.
• Never take more of this medication than is prescribed for you. Too much morphine could be very harmful.
• To ensure that you get a correct dose, measure the liquid form of morphine with a special dose-measuring spoon or cup, not with a regular tablespoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist where you can get one.
• Do not crush, chew, break, or open controlled-release forms of morphine such as Oramorph SR, Kadian, or MS Contin. Swallow them whole. They are specially formulated to release morphine slowly into your system. Breaking them would cause too much drug to be released into your blood at one time.
• Use the suppositories rectally as directed by your doctor. If you do not know how to use them, ask you doctor, nurse, or pharmacist for instructions.
• Do not stop taking morphine suddenly if you have been taking it continuously for more than 5 to 7 days. Stopping suddenly could cause withdrawal symptoms and make you feel uncomfortable. Your doctor may want to gradually reduce your dose.
• Morphine will cause constipation. Increase the amount of fiber and water (at least six to eight full glasses daily) in your diet to prevent constipation.
• Do not share this medication with anyone else.
• Store morphine at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
• Discard any opened bottle of morphine solution after 90 days.
What happens if I miss a dose?
• Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Do not take a double dose of this medication. Wait the prescribed amount of time before taking your next dose.
What happens if I overdose?
• Seek emergency medical attention.
• Symptoms of a morphine overdose include slow breathing, seizures, dizziness, weakness, loss of consciousness, coma, confusion, tiredness, cold and clammy skin, and small pupils.
What should I avoid while taking morphine?
• Avoid alcohol while taking morphine. Alcohol will greatly increase the drowsiness and dizziness caused by morphine and could be dangerous.
• Also avoid sleeping pills, tranquilizers, sedatives, and antihistamines except under the supervision of your doctor. These medications also may cause dangerous sedation.
• Use caution when driving, operating machinery, or performing other hazardous activities. Morphine may cause drowsiness. If you experience drowsiness, avoid these activities.
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What are the possible side effects of morphine?
• If you experience any of the following serious side effects, stop taking morphine and seek emergency medical attention:
• Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take morphine and talk to your doctor if you experience:
• Morphine is habit forming. Do not stop taking it suddenly.
• Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.
What other drugs will affect morphine?
• Do not take morphine if you have taken a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) such as isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), or tranylcypromine (Parnate) in the last 14 days. Dangerous side effects could result.
• The most serious interactions affecting morphine are with those drugs that also cause sedation. The following drugs may lead to dangerous sedation if taken with morphine:
• Do not take any of the drugs listed above without the approval of your doctor.
• Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with morphine. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines.
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Where can I get more information?
• Your pharmacist has additional information about morphine written for health professionals that you may read.
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• Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
• Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2003 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 4.02. Revision Date: 2/14/03.
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Morphine (MOR feen) - This webpage contains information about the use of Morphine (MOR feen), effects of Morphine (MOR feen), detection of Morphine (MOR feen) in the human body, and manufacture of Morphine (MOR feen).
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